Risk for aspiration to the patient of high complexity in intensive care – Sistematic Literature Review

Fernanda Gomes Beje, Isabel Cruz


Intensive Care Units in patients are at constant risk of life, because their health conditions, thus the role of the nurse. The risk of aspiration is one of the most mentioned nursing opportune diagnosis. It asks what intervention (or protocol) more effective nursing for its resolution. This is a computerized literature search, from 2009 to 2014, in the databases of the portals BIREME BVS and PubMed, used as a criterion for exclusion neonatal and pediatric patients, keeping as an inclusion criterion all adult patients and / or elderly ICU. We conclude that there is no single intervention beneficial to prevent aspiration risk, but a combination of the most appropriate interventions to these patients, promoting improvement and reduction in the proposed nursing diagnosis. Besides the importance of specialist nurses in ICU to recognize the signs and symptoms of this public studied deploy in a timely manner the necessary interventions (head of the bed, proper oral hygiene, suction of secretions, measure gastric residue and keep the cuff inflated the tracheal tube).


Respiratory aspiration; Nursing diagnosis; Intensive care units

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